YAG LASER CAPSULOTOMY
After cataract surgery, many patients develop a haze in the membrane behind the intraocular lens (IOL) implant, which results in a decrease in vision. The vision may be blurred or hazy, and patients may experience glare or loss of visual acuity. This common condition, known as posterior capsule opacification, is sometimes referred to as a “secondary cataract” due to the similarity of symptoms. Cataracts, however, never recur following cataract surgery.
Posterior capsule opacification may be thought of as a scarring process that occurs in the capsule, or bag, which contained the natural lens of the eye. During cataract surgery, this capsule is left in place to hold the new intraocular lens implant. Proliferation and migration of lens epithelial cells onto the capsule after cataract surgery causes an obstruction of vision. Posterior capsule opacification is not preventable, but it is easily treatable.
Posterior capsule opacification may be treated with a minor laser procedure known as a YAG Laser Capsulotomy. After the eye is dilated, your surgeon uses a laser to remove the hazy capsule located behind the intraocular lens implant. The procedure only takes a few minutes, is entirely painless, and is not associated with any discomfort. Patients may resume normal activities immediately, though are instructed to use anti-inflammatory eye drops for about a week. Most patients notice visual improvement within a day of having a YAG Laser Capsulotomy. Patients should anticipate some “floaters” in their vision following this procedure, which will likely resolve within a few weeks.