A cataract is an opacity or clouding of the natural lens of the eye. It causes a decrease in vision, but early symptoms may be a change in your eyeglass prescription, glare on sunny days, halos, or even double vision. Cataracts develop normally as we age, but occasionally cataracts occur in younger individuals in association with diabetes, trauma, certain medications, or other reasons.
Non-Stitch Cataract Surgery
Dr. Sanders removes cataracts using the latest technique available. This outpatient procedure is performed using phacoemulsification, which is an ultrasonic probe which dissolves the cataract through very tiny incisions which seal without stitches. Patients are given mild sedation through an IV and eye drops to numb the eye. Most patients experience no pain.
After the cataract is removed, an intraocular lens is placed in the eye. This artificial lens focuses light coming into the eye so that patients do not need thick glasses after surgery.
Patients use antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drops for about 4 weeks and they should avoid strenuous activity for one week. Most patients can go back to a desk job the day after surgery. As with any surgery, complications and side effects can occur.
Fortunately, the rate of complications from cataract surgery is very low. Dr. Sanders will discuss possible complications and side effects with you at the time of your consultation.
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A cataract is a cloudy area in the lens of the eye that affects vision. A normal lens is clear. It lets light pass to the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. As a cataract develops, it becomes harder for a person to see. Vision may become cloudy or blurry, and colors may fade.
Most people have a cataract in both eyes. One eye may be worse than the other, however, because each cataract progresses at a different rate. Some people with a cataract don't even know it. Their cataract may be small, or the changes in their vision may not bother them very much. Other people cannot see well enough to do the things they need or want to do.
The majority of cataracts are related to aging. About half of Americans ages 65 to 74 have a cataract. About 70 percent of those age 75 and older have this condition. However, other circumstances can increase the risk of developing cataracts. Examples include diabetes, smoking and alcohol use, and prolonged exposure to sunlight.
Cataracts can start with subtle loss of color vibrancy and contrast sensitivity or they can cause blurring of vision. Left untreated, cataracts can develop further, becoming more severe and leading ultimately to significantly impaired vision, which can make it difficult to perform daily activities safely or comfortably.
Early detection through an exam by your optometrist or Dr. Sanders can determine the presence and the extent of a cataract. When symptoms first appear, your doctor may be able to temporarily ease the effects of cataracts and improve your vision by prescribing glasses, strong bifocals, or other visual aids. However, cataracts may continue to development leaving surgery as the only option to restore your good vision.
If you would like more information, please fill out the form below. If this is an emergency, please call us at 713.797.1500.
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